This staggering increase was attributed in part to the introduction of assisted reproductive technologies, among them in vitro fertilization (IVF), a procedure in which several fertilized eggs are implanted in a woman at one time, and the use of fertility drugs, which causes the simultaneous ovulation of many eggs. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Preterm babies often need specialist neonatal support (see below). Depending on the level of iron in her blood and concentration of red blood cells, symptoms such as tiredness, loss of breath and a lowered oxygen transfer to the babies can result. This is especially the case if the babies cannot breastfeed and the mother needs to express her breast milk. A mother may require an oxytocin infusion to ensure her uterus is contracting strongly. as your requirement for this mineral usually can't be met by diet alone. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Mothers who are trialling a vaginal delivery with a multiple birth are often advised to have an epidural anaesthetic in case a caesarian section delivery becomes necessary. Become a Huggies Member for exclusive content and a chance to win a 6 month supply of Huggies. protein can help your babies grow properly. This is a problem because there is a potential for them to become stuck and unable to descend normally out of the vagina. Multiple pregnancies are always closely monitored and it is important that women have access to good quality obstetric care. DZ twins may be of the same sex or of different sexes, and they are not genetically identical to one another. A multiple birth is when a mother is pregnant with more than one baby. This needs to be monitored in case it becomes too high. Fraternal twins develop from two separate eggs that have been fertilized by two separate sperm. doctors, a caring hospital staff, and a partner, family members, and/or friends. Having older children to manage can make this more difficult. more easily when combined with foods that have high amounts of vitamin C, like orange This is so that Restricted foetal growth – this is generally due to the issue of limited physical space in the uterus not allowing for more than one baby to grow. With the decreasing gestation time, the risks from immaturity at birth and subsequent viability increase with the size of the sibling group. Every woman and her pregnancy is unique, and depending on her individual circumstances, recommendations will be made by her obstetric team about how and where she should have her babies. Many parents of multiples experience adjustment issues, particularly if they do not have good family support around them. A multiple birth is when a mother is pregnant with more than one baby. It also helps to clarify which baby is which and what treatments have been initiated. In populations of European origin, such as those in North America, DZ twins are more frequent than MZ twins. color. So as a rule, from the time that a multiple pregnancy is confirmed, planning starts for making the births as safe and ideal as possible. make feedings easier and help you rest and recover © 1995-document.write(KHcopyDate); The Nemours Foundation. Your doctor will probably prescribe an iron supplement, nutrition guidelines, including increasing your calcium and folic The two major types of twins are identical twins and fraternal twins. The babies may need monitoring by way of electrodes during labour, so their heart rates can be continuously checked for signs of stress. separate sperm and are no more alike than other siblings born to the same parents. Because of the unique value of twin studies, many nations keep registries of twins. babies need. Invest in every labour saving device you can including a dishwasher, dryer as well as household help if you can afford it. "Supertwins" is a common term for triplets and other higher-order multiple births, As labor begins, you'll be connected Avoid embarking on a lengthy house renovation just before you are due. Many maternity hospitals have a policy of not allowing partners into the operating theatre if the mother needs a general anaesthetic. and household chores. Although this may seem, in theory at least to be a fabulous idea, there’s always the potential and reality, for both budget and finishing times to extend. Use your pregnancy as a time to reflect on all the small jobs which, if done now, will save you lots of work in the future. Identical twins are two individuals that have developed from a single egg fertilized by a single sperm. of multiples, as everyone gets used to the frequent feedings, lack of sleep, and If the mother goes into labour before then and there was no plan for her to trial a vaginal delivery, an emergency caesarian section delivery is done. associated with IVF. necessary. DZ twinning is most common in older mothers (up to about 40 years of age) and tends to recur in families having a history of multiple births, indicating that a hereditary factor may be involved. Sometimes, a C-section is needed to help keep the babies safe. Ask your doctor to recommend a facility that specializes in multiple births. birth before 37 weeks of gestation. So as a rule, from the time that a multiple pregnancy is confirmed, planning starts for making the births as safe and ideal as possible. common in multiple pregnancies. For multiples, it's usually recommended that a midwife work with a doctor, rather Mothers carrying multiples are expected to gain more weight during pregnancy than Discuss the options of vaginal delivery versus cesarean section (C-section) By comparing sets of MZ twins to carefully matched control sets of DZ twins (the “twin method”), researchers have attempted to elucidate the relative importance of heredity versus environment in the development of certain diseases, in the formation of the personality, and in intelligence. each fetus. You Excluding the use of fertility drugs, approximate figures for the frequency of multiple births are 1 in 80 births for twins, 1 in 6,400 for triplets, 1 in 512,000 for quadruplets, 1 in 40,960,000 for quintuplets, and so on. Since they both developed from a single zygote, such twins are called monozygotic (MZ) twins. The general guide is that if the second or subsequent baby has not been born within 30 minutes of the first one, a caesarian is performed. worked well for others can help you find solutions to problems you come across. This may With the use of reproductive technology such as fertility drugs and in vitro fertilization(IVF) such births have become increasingly common. Although a wonderful concept, the reality is that multiple births do carry an increased risk of complications for both mothers and their babies. Multiple birth, the delivery of more than one offspring in a single birth event. with your doctor well before your due date. to women during the birth, as well as after delivery, by assisting with infant care For women who live in rural or regional areas, relocation is often necessary. acid intake. Although a wonderful concept, the reality is that multiple births do carry an increased risk of complications for both mothers and their babies. Reported twinning frequencies throughout the world vary from about 45 in 1,000 (such as among the Yoruba people of Nigeria) to 4 in 1,000 births. There are two types of twins: monozygotic (identical) and dizygotic (fraternal). The mother may have an intravenous drip inserted to keep her well hydrated, in case of complications or needing a caesarian section.

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